• Bibliography on Dumping and Antidumping

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Bibliography on Dumping and Antidumping
I. Overviews of Dumping and Antidumping
A. Surveys of the Economics
Viner, Jacob (1923). Dumping: A Problem in International Trade. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press.
Viner, Jacob (1931). “Dumping”. In Edwin Seligman and Alvin Johnson, eds. Encyclopaedia of
Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan, pp. 275-278.
Haberler, Gottfried (1936). “Dumping Cartels, Monopolies and Export Bounties”. Chapter XVIII
in The Theory of International Trade with its Application to Commercial Policy. London:
William Hodge and Company, pp. 296-333.
Corden, W. Max (1974). “Dumping”, Section VII of Chapter 8 in Trade Policy and Economic
Welfare. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 235-247.
Wares, William (1977). The Theory of Dumping and American Commercial Policy. Lexington:
D.C. Heath.
Ethier, Wilfred (1987). “Dumping”. In The New Palgrave. New York: Stockton, pp. 937-938.
Deardorff, Alan (1989). “Economic Perspectives on Antidumping Law”. In John Jackson and
Edwin Vermulst, eds. Antidumping Law and Practice: A Comparative Study. Ann Arbor:
University of Michigan Press, pp. 23-39.
Balassa, Bela (1989). “Subsidies and Countervailing Measures: Economic Considerations”.
Journal of World Trade, V.23-#2, pp. 63-79. [also in Balassa (1993), Policy Choices for the
Tharakan, P.K. Matthew ed. (1991). Policy Implications of Antidumping Measures. Amsterdam:
Hindley, Brian and Patrick Messerlin (1996). Antidumping Industrial Policy: Legalized
Protection in the WTO and What to do About It. Washington, DC: AEI.
Clarida, Richard (1996). “Dumping: In Theory, in Policy, and in Practice”. in J. Bhagwati and R.
Hudec, eds. Fair Trade and Harmonization. V.1: Economic Analysis. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 357-
Niels, Gunnar (2000). “What is Antidumping Really About?”. Journal of Economic Surveys;
V.14-#4, pp. 467-492.
Blonigen, Bruce and Thomas Prusa (2003). “Antidumping”. In E.K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds.
Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 251-284.
B. Surveys of Legal Issues
Bello, Judith and Alan Holmer, eds. (1987). The Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duty Laws:
Key Legal and Policy Issues. Washington, DC: American Bar Association.
Barshefsky, Charlene and N. Zucker (1988). “Amendments to the Antidumping and
Countervailing Duty Laws under the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988”. North
Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation;
Horlick, Gary and Geoffrey Oliver (1989). “Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Law
Provisions of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988”. Journal of World Trade;
V23-#3, pp. 5-49.
Jackson, John (1989). “Unfair Trade and the Rules on Dumping”. Chapter 10 of The World
Trading System: Law and Policy in International Economic Relations. Cambridge: MIT Press,
pp. 217-247.
Jackson, John (1989). “The Perplexities of Subsidies in International Trade”. Chapter 11 of The
World Trading System: Law and Policy in International Economic Relations. Cambridge: MIT
Press, pp. 249-273.
Jackson, John and Edwin Vermlust, eds. (1989). Anti-Dumping Law and Practice: A
Comparative Study. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Barceló, John (1991). “A History of the Gatt Unfair Trade Remedy Law: Confusion of
Purposes”. World Economy; V.14-#?, pp. 311-333.
Barceló, John (1991). “An Analytical History of Gatt Unfair Trade Remedy Law”. In Brian
Hindley, ed. The Regulation of Trade. London: Trade Policy Research Centre.
Horlick, Gary and E.C. Shea (1995). “The World Trade Organization Antidumping Agreement”.
Journal of World Trade; V.29-#1, pp. 5-31.
Palmeter, N. David (1995). “United States Implementation of the Uruguay Round Antidumping
Code”. Journal of World Trade; V.29-#?, pp. 39-82.
Miranda, Jorge (1996). “Should Antidumping Law be Dumped”. Law and Policy in International
Business; V.28-#1, pp. 255-288.
Salonen, E. (1997). “‘One Tomato, Two Tomato, ...’: Selection of Trade Remedy Laws in the
Florida-Mexico Tomato Conflict”. Florida Journal of International Law; V.11-#?, pp. 371-397.
Schoenbaum, Thomas (1997). “An Assessment of the Antidumping Laws After the Uruguay
Round Reforms”. Jahrbuch des Öffentlichen Rechts; V.45 (Neue Folge), pp. 137-144.
Cass, Ronald, Richard Boltuck, Seth Kaplan, and Michael Knoll (1998). “Antidumping”. Peter
Newman, ed. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law. London: Macmillan.
Horlick, Gary and Steven Sugarman (1999). “Antidumping Policy as a System of Law”. In
Miguel Mendoza, Patrick Low and Barbara Kotschwar, eds. Trade Rules in the Making:
Challenges in Regional and Multilateral Negotiations. Washington, DC: Brookings/OAS, pp.
Clough, M. and F. Randolph (1996). “Recent Developments in EC Antidumping Practice and the
GATT”. In N. Emiliou and D. O’Keeffe, eds. The European Union and World Law: After the
GATT Uruguay Round. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 218-252.
Waer, Paul and Edwin Vermulst (1999). “EC Antisubsidy Law and Practice After the Uruguay
Round: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing?”. Journal of World Trade; V.33-#3, pp. 19-43.
Komuro, N. (1997). “Evolution of Japan’s Antidumping Law and Practice”. World Competition;
V.21-#1, pp. 5-49.
C. Broader Scope
Dale, Richard (1980). Antidumping Law in a Liberal Trade Order. New York: St. Martins.
Caine, Wesley (1981). “A Case for Repealing the Antidumping Provisions of the Tariff Act of
1930”. Law and Policy in International Business; V.13-#3, pp. 681-725.
Stegemann, Klaus (1985). “Antidumping Policy and the Consumer”. Journal of World Trade
Law; V.19-#5, pp. 466-484.
Hoekman, Bernard and Michael Leidy (1989). “Dumping, Anti-dumping, and Emergency
Protection”. Journal of World Trade; V.23-#1, pp. 27-44.
Grinols, Earl (1989). “Procedural Protectionism: The New American Trade Bill and the New
Interventionist Mode”. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv; V.125-#3, pp. 501-521.
Cass, Ronald (1990). “Trade Subsidy Law: Can Foolish Inconsistency Be Good Enough for
Government Work?” Law and Policy in International Business; V.21-#4, pp. 609-661.
Finger, J. Michael, ed. (1993). Antidumping: How it Works and Who Gets Hurt. Ann Arbor:
University of Michigan Press.
Hoekman, Bernard and Michael Leidy (1993). “Antidumping and Market Disruption: The
Incentive Effects of Antidumping Laws”. In Robert Stern, ed., The Multilateral Trading System:
Analysis and Options for Change. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 155-181.
Stiglitz, Joseph (1997). “Dumping on Free Trade: The U.S. Import Trade Laws”. Southern
Economic Journal; V.64-#2, pp. 402-424.
Broude, Tomer (2003). “An Anti-dumping ‘To Be or Not To Be’ in Five Acts: A New Agenda
for Research and Reform”. Journal of World Trade; V.37-#2, pp. 305-328.
Lowenfeld, Andreas (1980). “Fair or Unfair: Does it Matter?”. Cornell International Law
Journal; V.13-#?, pp. 205-219.
Finger, J. Michael (1992). “Dumping and Antidumping: The Rhetoric and Reality of Protection
in Industrial Countries”. World Bank Research Observer; V.7-#2, pp. 121-143.
Lindsey, Brink (2000). “The US Antidumping Law: Rhetoric versus Reality”. Journal of World
Trade; V.34-#1, pp. 1-38.
II. The Economic Analysis of Dumping
A. The Traditional Analysis: International Price Discrimination
1. On Price Discrimination: Characterization and Welfare
Phlips, Louis (1981). The Economics of Price Discrimination. Cambridge: CUP.
Tirole, Jean (1988). “Price Discrimination”. Chapter 3 In Theory of Industrial Organization.
Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 133-168.
Varian, Hal (1989). “Price Discrimination”. In R. Schmalensee and R. Willig, eds. Handbook of
Industrial Organization, V.I. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 597-654.
Pigou, Arthur (1928/2000). “Discriminating Monopoly”. Chapter XVII of The Economics of
Welfare. New Brunswick: Transaction, pp. 275-289. [also Appendix III, Section 8, pp. 810-812.]
Robinson, Joan (1933). “Price Discrimination”. Book V of The Economics of Imperfect
Competition. New York: St. Martins, pp. 179-208.
Simkin, C.G.F. (1947/8). “Some Aspects and Generalisations of the Theory of Discrimination”.
Review of Economic Studies; V.15-#1, pp. 1-13.
Edwards, Edgar (1950). “The Analysis of Output under Discrimination”. Econometrica; V.18-#2,
pp. 163-172.
Enke, Stephen (1964). “Some Notes on Price Discrimination”. Canadian Journal of Economics
and Political Science; V.30-#1, pp. 95-109.
Greenhut, M.L. and H. Ohta (1976). “Joan Robinson’s Criterion for Deciding Whether Market
Discrimination Reduces Output”. Economic Journal; V.86-#341, pp. 96-97.
Schmalensee, Richard (1981). “Output and Welfare Implications of Monopolistic Third Degree
Price Discrimination”. American Economics Review; V.71-#1, pp. 242-247.
Varian, Hal (1985). “Price Discrimination and Social Welfare”. American Economics Review;
V.75-#4, pp. 870-875.
Schwartz, Marius (1990). “Third Degree Price Discrimination and Output: Generalizing a
Welfare Result”. American Economics Review; V.80-#5, pp. 1259-1262.
Malueg, David (1993). “Bounding the Effects of Third Degree Price Dispersion”. American
Economics Review; V.83-#4, pp. 1011-1021.
Katz, Michael (1987). “The Welfare Effects of Third Degree Price Discrimination in
Intermediate Good Markets”. American Economic Review; V.77-#1, pp. 154-167.
Hausman, Jerry and Jeffrey MacKie-Mason (1988). “Price Discrimination and Patent Policy”.
RAND Journal of Economics; V.19-#2, pp. 253-265.
Nahata, Babu, Krzysztof Ostaszewski, and P.K. Sahoo (1990). “Direction of Price Changes in
Third Degree Price Discrimination”. American Economics Review; V.80-#5, pp. 1254-1258.
DeGraba, Patrick (1987). “The Effects of Price Restrictions on Competition Between Local and
National Firms”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.18-#3, pp. 333-347.
2. On Predation
Brodley, Joseph and George Hay (1981). “Predatory Pricing: Competing Economic Theories and
the Evolution of Legal Standards”. Cornell Law Review; V.66-#4, pp. 738-803.
Hay, George (1981). “A Confused Lawyer’s Guide to Predatory Pricing”. In Steven Salop, ed.
Strategy, Predation and Antitrust Analysis. Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission, pp.
Ordover, Janusz and Garth Saloner (1989). “Predation, Monopolization and Antitrust”. in R.
Schmalensee and R. Willig, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization--V.I. Amsterdam: North-
Holland, pp.537-596.
Milgrom, Paul and John Roberts (1990). “New Theories of Predatory Pricing”. in Bonanno and
Brandolini, eds. Industrial Structure in the New Industrial Economics. New York: Oxford
University Press, pp. 112-137.
Phlips, Louis (1995). “Predatory Pricing”. Part IV of Competition Policy: A Game-Theoretic
Perspective. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 185-255.
Telser, Lester (1966). “Cutthroat Competition and the Long Purse”. Journal of Law &
Economics; V.9-#2, pp. 81-94.
Areeda, Philip and Donald Turner (1975). “Predatory Pricing and Related Practices under
Section 2 of the Sherman Act”. Harvard Law Review; V.88-#4, pp. 697-733.
Scherer, Frederick (1976). “Predatory Pricing and the Sherman Act: A Comment”. Harvard Law
Review: V.89-#5, pp. 869-890. [A&T reply and Scherer responds, pp. 891-903.]
Williamson, Oliver (1977). “Predatory Pricing: A Strategic and Welfare Analysis”. Yale Law
Journal; V.87-#2, pp. 284-340. [A&T comment, V.87-#7, pp. 1337-1352 , and Williamson
replies 1353 and V.88-#6, pp. 1183-1201.]
Baumol, William (1979). “Quasi-Permanence of Price Reductions: A Policy for Prevention of
Predatory Pricing”. Yale Law Journal; V.89-#1, pp. 1-26.
Joskow, Paul and Alvin Klevorik (1979). “A Framework for Analyzing Predatory Pricing
Policy”. Yale Law Journal; V.89-#2, pp. 213-270.
McGee, John (1980). “Predatory Pricing Revisited”. Journal of Law & Economics; V.23-#2, pp.
Ordover, Janusz and Robert Willig (1981). “An Economic Definition of Predation: Pricing and
Product Innovation”. Yale Law Journal; V.91-#1, pp. 8-53.
Easterbrook, Frank (1981). “Predatory Strategies and Counterstrategies”. University of Chicago
Law Review; V.48-#2, pp. 263-337.
Areeda, Philip and Herbert Hovenkamp (1987). Antitrust Law. Boston: Little Brown.
Schwartz, Marius (1989). “Investments in Oligopoly: Welfare Effects and Tests for Predation”.
Oxford Economic Papers; V.41-#?, pp. 698-719.
Salop, Steven and David Scheffman (1983). “Raising Rivals Costs”. American Economics
Review; V.73-#2, pp. 267-271.
Krattenmaker, Thomas and Steven Salop (1986). “Anticompetitive Exclusion: Raising Rivals’
Costs to Achieve Power over Price”. Yale Law Journal; V.96-#2, pp. 209-293.
Salop, Steven and David Scheffman (1987). “Cost Raising Strategies”. Journal of Industrial
Economics; V.36-#1, pp. 19-34.
Brennen, Timothy (1988). “Understanding Raising Rivals Costs”. Antitrust Bulletin; V.33-#1,
pp. 95-113.
Scheffman, David (1992). “The Application of Raising Rivals’ Costs Theory to Antitrust”.
Antitrust Bulletin, 37-#1, pp. 187-206.
Depken, Craig and Jon Ford (1999). “NAFTA as a Means of Raising Rivals’ Costs”. Review of
Industrial Organization; V.15-#2, pp. 103-113. [comment by Charles Sawyer, V.18-#1, pp. 127-
3. Effect of Dumping on the Exporting Nation
a. Dumping and Welfare
Viner, Jacob (1923). “The Influence of Dumping on Prices in the Dumping Country”. Chapter VI
of Viner (1923), pp. 94-109.
Graham, Frank (1924). “Review of Viner, Dumping: A Problem in International Trade”.
American Economics Review; V.14-#2, pp. 321-324.
Yntema, Theodore O. (1928). “The Influence of Dumping on Monopoly Price”. Journal of
Political Economy; V.36-#6, pp. 686-698.
Lofgren, Karl-Gustaf (1977). “Dumping, Devaluation and Monopoly Prices: A Generalization of
Yntema’s Results”. Revista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.24-#8, pp.
Leontief, Wassily (1940). “The Theory of Limited and Unlimited Discrimination”. Quarterly
Journal of Economics; V.54-#3, pp. 490-501.
Enke, Stephen (1946). “Monopolistic Output and International Trade”. Quarterly Journal of
Economics; V.60-#2, pp. 233-249.
Meade, James (1955). “The Second Best Argument for Trade Control: (4) Dumping as a
Complex Case”. Chapter XV in Trade and Welfare. London: Oxford University Press/RIIA, pp.
244-253. [also Section XV of the Mathematical Supplement.]
Cocks, R.A. and Harry Johnson (1972). “A Note on Dumping and Social Welfare”. Canadian
Journal of Economics; V.5-#1, pp. 137-140.
Wares, William (1977). “The Effect of Dumping on Welfare in the Exporting Country”. Chapter
2 of Wares (1977), pp. 27-55.
Rieber, William (1982), “Discriminating Monopoly and International Trade”, Economic Journal.
V.92-#366; pp. 365-376.
Das, Satya and Aadwait Mohanty (1984). “Dumping in International Markets and Welfare: A
General Equilibrium Analysis”. Journal of International Economics; V.17-#1/2, pp. 149-157.
Das, Satya and Aadwait Mohanty (1987). “Welfare of the Dumping Country: A Comprehensive
Ranking of Policies”. Journal of Quantitative Economics; V.3-#1, pp. 13-34.
b. Domestic Economic Conditions/Policy and Dumping
Pigou, Arthur (1904). “Pure Theory and the Fiscal Controversy”. Economic Journal; V.14-#53,
pp. 29-33. [Problem 6, pp. 32-33].
Pigou, Arthur (1905). “Professor Dietzel on Dumping and Retaliation”. Economic Journal; V.15-
#59; pp. 436-443.
Viner, Jacob (1923). “The Profitability of Dumping to the Dumper”. Chapter VII in Dumping: A
Problem in International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 110-131.
Corden, W. Max (1967), “Monopoly, Tariffs and Subsidies”, Economica. V.34-#1; pp. 50-58.
Basevi, Giorgio (1970), “Domestic Demand and the Ability to Export”, Journal of Political
Economy. V.78-#2; pp. 330-337.
Frenkel, Jacob (1971). “On Domestic Demand and the Ability to Export”. Journal of Political
Economy; V.79-#3, pp. 668-672.
Pursell, Gary and Richard Snape (1973), “Economies of Scale, Price Discrimination and
Exporting”, Journal of International Economics. V.3-#1; pp. 85-92.
Snape, Richard (1977), “Trade Policy in the Presence of Economies of Scale and Product
Variety”, Economic Record; V.53-#144; pp. 525-534.
Curtis, Douglas (1983), “Trade Policy to Promote Entry with Scale Economies, Product Variety,
and Export Potential”, Canadian Journal of Economics; V.16-#1; pp. 109-121.
Stegemann, Klaus (1984), “Trade Policy to Promote Entry with Scale Economies: Orthodoxy
Restored”, Canadian Journal of Economics; V.17-#4; pp. 774-777.
Dutton, John (1990). “Targeted Export Subsidies as an Exercise of Monopoly Power”. Canadian
Journal of Economics; V.23-#3, pp. 705-710.
Auquier, Antoine and Richard. Caves (1979), “Monopolistic Export Industries, Trade Taxes, and
Optimal Competition Policy”, Economic Journal; V.89-#?; pp. 559-581.
Katrak, Homi (1980). “Multinational Monopolies and Monopoly Regulation”. Oxford Economic
Papers; V.32-#3, pp. 453-466.
Donnenfeld, Shabtai (1982). “Domestic Regulation and the Preservation of Monopoly Power in
Foreign Markets”. Southern Economic Journal; V.49-#4, pp. 954-965.
c. Market Entry Dumping where Consumers are Uncertain about Quality
Bond, Eric (1984). “International Trade with Uncertain Product Quality”. Southern Economic
Journal; V.51-#1, pp. 196-207.
Donnenfeld, Shabtai (1986). “Intra-Industry Trade and Imperfect Information about Product
Quality”. European Economic Review; V.30-#2, pp. 401-417.
Donnenfeld, Shabtai, Shlomo Weber and Uri Ben-Zion (1985). “Import Controls under Imperfect
Information”. Journal of International Economics; V.19-#3/4, pp. 341-354.
Donnenfeld, Shabtai and Wolfgang Mayer (1987). “The Quality of Export Products and Optimal
Trade Policy”. International Economic Review; V.28-#1, pp. 159-174.
Chiang, Shih-Chen and Robert Masson (1988). Domestic Industrial Structure and Export
Quality”. International Economic Review; V.29-#2, pp. 261-270.
Mayer, Wolfgang (1984). “The Infant-Export Industry Argument”. Canadian Journal of
Economics; V.17-#2, pp. 249-269.
Flamm, Harry (1987). “Reverse Dumping”. European Economic Review; V.31-#1/2, pp. 82-88.
Falvey, Rod (1989). “Trade, Quality Reputations and Commercial Policy”. International
Economic Review; V.30-#3, pp. 607-622.
Grossman, Gene and Henrik Horn (1988). “Infant Industry Protection Reconsidered: The Case of
Informational Barriers to Entry”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.103-#4, pp.767-787.
Bagwell, Kyle and Robert Staiger (1989). “The Role of Export Subsidies when Product Quality
is Unknown”. Journal of International Economics; V.27-#1/2, pp. 69-89.
Bagwell, Kyle (1991). “Optimal Export Policy for an New Product Monopoly”. American
Economic Review; V.81-#5, pp. 1156-1169.
Chen, Mah-Lih (1991). “The Role of R&D Subsidies when Incomplete Information is an Entry-
barrier”. Journal of International Economics; V.31-#3/4, pp. 251-270.
Rodrik, Dani (1994). “Industrial Organization and Product Quality: Evidence from South Korean
and Taiwanese Exports”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade
Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 195-210.
Wojcik, Charlotte (2000). “Strategic Trade Policy in the Presence of Consumer Learning”.
Economica; V.67-#266, pp. 283-295.
4. Effect of Dumping on the Importing Country
Viner, Jacob (1923). “The Consequences of Dumping to the Importing Country”. Chapter VIII of
Yarrow, George (1987). “Economic Aspects of Antidumping Policies”. Oxford Review of
Economic Policy; V.3-#1, pp. 66-79.
Boltuck, Richard (1987). “An Economic Analysis of Dumping”. Journal of World Trade Law;
V.21-#5, pp. 45-54.
Boltuck, Richard (1991). “Assessing the Effects on the Domestic Industry of Price-Dumping”. In
P.K.M. Tharakan, ed. Policy Implications of Antidumping Measures. Amsterdam: North-
Holland, pp. 99-141.
Murray, Tracy and Donald Rousslang (1989). “A Method for Estimating Injury Caused by Unfair
Trade Practices”. International Review of Law and Economics; V.9-#2, pp. 149-164.
Monti, G. (1995). “When Does Dumping Cause Injury?”. World Competition; V.18-#3, pp. 97-
Kelly, Kenneth and Morris Morkre (1998). “Do Unfairly Trade Imports Injure Domestic
Industries?”. Review of International Economics; V.6-#2, pp. 321-332.
Kravis, Irving and Richard Lipsey (1977). “Export Prices and the Transmission of Inflation”.
American Economics Review; V.67-#2, pp. 148-163.
B. Dumping under Perfect Competition: Intertemporal Linkage
Ethier, Wilfred (1982). “Dumping”. Journal of Political Economy; V.90-#3, pp. 487-506.
Anderson, James (1992). “Domino Dumping, I: Competitive Exporters”. American Economic
Review; V.82-#1, pp. 65-83.
Clarida, Richard (1993). “Entry, Dumping and Shakeout”. American Economics Review; V.83-
#1, pp. 180-202.
C.Dumping with Market Uncertainty and Adjustment Costs: Cyclical dumping
Ethier, Wilfred (1982). “Dumping”. Journal of Political Economy; V.90-#3, pp. 487-506.
Davies, Stephen and Anthony McGuinness (1982). “Dumping at Less than Marginal Cost”.
Journal of International Economics; V.12-#1/2, pp. 169-182.
Katz, E., J. Paroush and N. Kahana (1982). “Price Uncertainty and the Price Discriminating Firm
in International Trade”. International Economic Review; V.23-#2, pp. 389-400.
Blair, Roger and Leonard Cheng (1984). “On Dumping”. Southern Economic Journal; V.50-#3,
pp. 857-865.
Lahiri, Sajal and Jeffrey Sheen (1990). “On Optimal Dumping”. Economic Journal; V.100-
#400, pp. 127-136.
Bernhardt, Dan (1984). “Dumping, Adjustment Costs and Uncertainty”. Journal of Economic
Dynamics and Control; V.8-3, pp. 349-370.
Hillman, Arye and Eliakim Katz (1986). “Domestic Uncertainty and Foreign Dumping”.
Canadian Journal of Economics; V.19-#3, pp. 403-416.
Das, Satya (1992). “Market Uncertainties and Cyclical Dumping”. European Economic Review;
V.36-#1, pp. 71-82.
Eldor, Rafael and Itzhak Zilcha (1987). “Discriminating Monopoly, Forward Markets and
International Trade”. International Economic Review; V.28-#2, pp. 459-468.
Eldor, Rafael and Itzhak Zilcha (1990). “Oligopoly, Uncertain Demand and Forward Markets”.
Journal of Economics and Business; V.42-#1, pp. 17-26.
Hartigan, James (1996). “Predatory Dumping”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.29-#1, pp.
Aizenman, Joshua (1996). “Foreign Direct Investment, Employment Volatility and Cyclical
Dumping”. International Journal of Finance and Economics; V.1-#2, pp. 117-131.
Tarr, David (1979). “Cyclical Dumping: The Case of Steel Products”. Journal of International
Economics; V.9-#1, pp. 57-63.
Aspe, Pedro and Francesco Giavazzi (1982). “The Short Run Behavior of Prices and Output in
the Exportables Sector”. Journal of International Economics; V.12-#1/2, pp. 83-93.
Brannlund, Runar and Karl-Gustaf Lofgren (1995). “Cyclical Dumping and Correlated Business
Cycles in Imperfect Markets: Empirical Applications to the Canadian Pulp and Paper Industry”.
Applied Economics; V.27-#11, pp. 1081-1091.
D. Oligopolistic Interaction and Dumping
1. Oligopolistic Interaction and Dumping
Helpman, Elhanan and Paul Krugman (1985). “Oligopoly”. Chapter 5 of Market Structure and
Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy.
Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 86-111.
Brander, James (1981). “Intra-Industry Trade in Identical Commodities”. Journal of
International Economics; V.11-#1, pp. 1-14.
Brander, James and Paul Krugman (1983). “A ‘Reciprocal Dumping’ Model of International
Trade”. Journal of International Economics; V.15-#3/4, pp. 313-321.
Pinto, Brian (1986). “Repeated Games and the ‘Reciprocal Dumping’ Model of Trade”. Journal
of International Economics; V.20-#3/4, pp. 357-366.
Anderson, Simon and Ronald Fischer (1989). “Multi-Market Oligopoly with Production before
Sales”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.38-#2, pp. 167-182.
Weinstein, David (1991). “Competition and Unilateral Dumping”. Journal of International
Economics; V.32-#3/4, pp. 379-388.
Collie, David (1992). “International Trade and Cournot Equilibrium: Existence, Uniqueness and
Comparative Statics”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.44-#1, pp. 55-66.
Dastidar, Krishnendu (1998). “Reciprocal Dumping and Trade Policy”. Journal of International
Trade and Economic Development; V.7-#4, pp. 439-449.
Murray, Tracy and Nurlan Turdaliev (1999). “Universal Dumping of Homogeneous Products”.
Review of International Economics; V.7-#4, pp. 580-589.
Calmette, Marie-Francoise (2002). “A Two Way Trade Model without Reciprocal Dumping”.
Economia Internazionale; V.55-#3, pp. 297-310.
Kong, Ying (2003). “Persistent Dumping, Competition, and Welfare”. Journal of International
Trade and Economic Development; V.12-#1, pp. 19-37.
Fung, K.C. (1991). “Collusive Intra-Industry Trade”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.24-#2,
pp. 391-404.
Neven, Damien, George Norman and Jacques-Francois Thisse (1991). “Attitudes Toward
Foreign Products and International Price Competition”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.24-
#1, pp. 1-11.
Baye, Michael and Casper de Vries (1992). “Mixed Strategy Trade Equilibrium”. Canadian
Journal of Economics; V.25-#2, pp. 281-293.
Dei, Fumio (1990). “A Note on Multinational Corporations in a Reciprocal Dumping Model”.
Journal of International Economics; V.29-#1/2, pp. 161-171.
Baldwin, Richard and Gianmarco Ottaviano (2001). “Multiproduct Monopolists and Reciprocal
FDI Dumping”. Journal of International Economics; V.54-#2, pp. 429-448.
Coldwell, Daniel and John Reid (1994). “Some Evidence Regarding the Reciprocal Dumping
Hypothesis”. International Economic Journal; V.8-#3, pp. 11-18.
Bernhofen, Daniel (1998). “Intra-industry Trade and Strategic Interaction: Theory and Evidence”.
Journal of International Economics; V.45-#1, pp. 77-96.
Bernhofen, Daniel and Zahid Hafeez (2001). “Oligopolistic Competition and Intra-Industry
Trade: Evidence from the OECD”. Australian Economic Papers; V.40-#1, pp. 77-90.
Feenstra, Robert, James Markusen, and Andrew Rose (2001). “Using the Gravity Equation to
Differentiate Among Alternative Theories of Trade”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.34-#2,
pp. 430-447.
Goldberg, Pinelopi and Michael Knetter (1997). “Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have
We Learned?”. Journal of Economic Literature; V.35-#3, pp. 1243-1272.
Kirman, Alan and Louis Phlips (1996). “Exchange Rate Pass-through and Market Structures”.
Journal of Economics; V.64-#2, pp. 129-154.
Hens, Thorsten, Eckart Jäger, Alan Kirman and Louis Phlips (1999). “Exchange Rates and
Oligopoly”. European Economic Review; V.43-#3, pp. 621-648.
Gil-Pareja, Salvador (2002). “Export Price Discrimination in Europe and Exchange Rates”.
Review of International Economics; V.10-#2, pp. 299-312.
Gil-Pareja, Salvador (2003). “Pricing to Market Behaviour in European Car Markets”. European
Economic Review; V.47-#6, pp. 945-962.
2. International Competition with Vertical Industry Links
Bernhofen, Daniel (1995). “Price Dumping in Intermediate Goods Markets”. Journal of
International Economics; V.39-#1/2, pp. 159-173.
Bernhofen, Daniel (1996). “Vertical Integration and International Predation”. Review of
International Economics; V.4-#1, pp. 90-98.
Cheng, Leonard and Mordechai Kreinin (1996). “Supplier Preferences and Dumping: An
Analysis of Japanese Corporate Groups”. Southern Economics Journal; V.63-#1, pp. 51-59.
Hamilton, Stephen and Kyle Stiegert (2000). “Vertical Coordination, Antitrust Law and
International Trade”. Journal of Law & Economics; V.43-#1, pp. 143-156.
Roy, Santanu and Jean-Marie Viaene (1998). “On Strategic Vertical Foreign Investment”.
Journal of International Economics; V.46-#2, pp. 253-279.
McLaren, John (2000). “Globalization and Vertical Structure”. American Economics Review;
V.90-#5, pp. 1239-1254.
Perry, Martin (1989). “Vertical Integration: Determinants and Effects”. in R. Schmalensee and R.
Willig, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization--V.I. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 183-255.
Rey, Patrick and Jean Tirole (2003). “A Primer on Foreclosure”. In M. Armstrong and H.M.
Porter, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization. Amsterdam: Elsevier, forthcoming.
Rey, Patrick and Jean Tirole (1986). “The Logic of Vertical Restraints”. American Economic
Review; V.76-#5, pp. 921-939.
Salinger, Michael (1988). “Vertical Mergers and Market Foreclosure”. Quarterly Journal of
Economics; V.103-#2, pp. 345-356.
Ordover, Janusz, Garth Saloner and Steven Salop (1990). “Equilibrium Vertical Foreclosure”.
American Economics Review; V.80-#1, pp. 127-142. [comment and reply, V.82-#3.]
Hart, Oliver and Jean Tirole (1990). “Vertical Integration and Market Foreclosure”. Brookings
Papers on Economic Analysis; Microeconomics, pp. 205-286.
Bolton, Patrick and Michael Whinston (1991). “The ‘Foreclosure’ Effects of Vertical Mergers”.
Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics; V.147-#1, pp. 207-226.
Riordan, Michael (1998). “Anticompetitive Vertical Integration by a Dominant Firm”. American
Economic Review; V.88-#5, pp. 1232-1248.
Sibley, David and Dennis Weisman (1998). “Raising Rivals’ Costs: The Entry of an Upstream
Monopolist into Downstream Markets”. Information Economics and Policy; V.10-#4, pp. 451-
Kühn, Kai-Uwe and Xavier Vives (1999). “Excess Entry, Vertical Integration and Welfare”.
RAND Journal of Economics; V.30-#4, pp. 575-603.
Linnemer, Laurent (2003). “Backward Integration by a Dominant Firm”. Journal of Economics
and Management Strategy; V.12-#2, pp. 231-259.
3. Incomplete Information and Dumping
Eaton, Jonathan and Leonard Mirman (1991). “Predatory Dumping as Signal Jamming”. in A.
Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press,
pp. 60-76.
Hartigan, James (1993). “Dumping and Signalling”. Journal of Economic Behavior and
Organization; V.23-#1, pp. 1-22.
Fischer, Ronald and Leonard Mirman (1994). “Learning about Enforcement: A Model of
Dumping”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.9-#2, pp. 214-220.
4. Dumping with Learning and Dynamic Competition
Gruenspecht, Howard (1988). “Dumping and Dynamic Competition”. Journal of International
Economics; V.25-#?, pp. 225-248.
Berck, Peter and Jeffrey Perloff (1990). “Dynamic Dumping”. International Journal of Industrial
Organization; V.8-#2, pp. 225-243.
Finan, William and Chris Amundsen (1986). “Modelling US-Japan Competition in
Semiconductors”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.8-#3, pp. 305-326.
Mody, Ashoka and David Wheeler (1987). “Prices, Costs, and Competition at the Technological
Frontier”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.9-#2, pp. 367-382.
Krugman, Paul (1987). “Market Access and Competition in High Technology Industries”. in H.
Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp.
Baldwin, Richard and Paul Krugman (1987). “Market Access and Imperfect Competition: A
Simulation Study of 16K Random Access Memory”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Research in
International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 171-197.
Dick, Andrew (1991). “Learning-by-doing and Dumping in the Semiconductor Industry”.
Journal of Law and Economics; V.34-#1, pp. 133-159.
Flamm, Kenneth (1993). “Forward Pricing v. Fair Value: An Analytical Assessment of
‘Dumping’ in DRAMs”. In T. Ito and A. Krueger, eds. Trade and Protectionism. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 47-93.
Irwin, Douglas and Peter Klenow (1994). “Learning by Doing Spillovers in the Semiconductor
Industry”. Journal of Political Economy; V.102-#6, pp. 1200-1227.
III. Law and Economics of Administered Protection
A. Analysis of Trade at Less than Fair Value
Brandt, J. and W. Zeitler (1980). “Unfair Trade Practice Jurisdiction: The Applicability of
Section 337 and the Countervailing Duty and Antidumping Laws”. Law and Policy in
International Business; V.12-#1, pp. 95-116.
Holmer, A., S. Haggerty and W. Hunter (1984). “Identifying and Measuring Subsidies under
Countervailing Duty Law: An Attempt at Synthesis”. The Commerce Department Speaks on
Import Administration and Export Administration, 1984. Washington, DC: Practicing Law
Institute, pp. 301-460.
Goetz, C., L. Granet and W. Schwartz (1986). “The Meaning of ‘Subsidy’ and ‘Injury’ in
Countervailing Duty Law”. International Review of Law and Economics; V.6-#?, pp. 17-32.
Diamond, R. (1989). “Economic Foundations of Countervailing Duty Law”. Virginia Journal of
International Law; V.29-#?, pp. 767-812.
Diamond, R., M. Trebilcock, and J. Jackson (1990). “A Search for Economic and Financial
Principles in the Administration of US Countervailing Duty Law”. Law and Policy in
International Business. V.21-#4, pp. 507-607.
Sykes, Alan (1990). “Second Best Countervailing Duty Law: A Critique of the Entitlement
Approach”. Law and Policy in International Business. V.21-#4, pp. 699-722.
Palmeter, N. David (1986). “Torquemada and the Tariff Act: The Inquisitor Rides Again”.
International Lawyer; V.20-#?, pp. 641-657.
Palmeter, N. David (1988). “Exchange Rates and Anti-Dumping Determinations”. Journal of
World Trade Law; V.22-#?, pp. 73-80.
Coursey, M. and D. Binder (1989). “Hypothetical Calculations under the US Antidumping Law:
Foreign Market Value, US Price and Weighted-Average Dumping Margins”. American
University Journal of International Law and Policy; V.4-#?, pp. 537-553.
Bollom, W. and D. Simons (1990). “The Use of Accounting Data in Antidumping Cases: A
Public Policy Perspective”. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy; V.9-#1, pp. 1-18.
Boltuck, Richard and Robert Litan, eds. (1992). Down in the Dumps: Administration of the
Unfair Trade Laws. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Finger, J. Michael (1992). “The Meaning of ‘Unfair’ in US Import Policy”. Minnesota Journal of
Global Trade; V.1-#1, pp. 35-56.
Lindsey, Brink (2000). “The US Antidumping Law: Rhetoric versus Reality”. Journal of World
Trade; V.34-#1, pp. 1-38.
Vandenbussche, Hylke (1996), “Is European Antidumping Protection Against Central Europe
Too High?”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv; V.132-#1, pp. 116-138.
B. Analysis of Injury
Perry, W. (1985). “Administration of Import Trade Laws by the US ITC”. Boston University
International Law Journal;
Jameson, P. (1986). “Recent ITC Practice Regarding the Material Injury Standard: A Critique”.
Law and Policy in International Business; V.18-#3, pp. 517-577.
Grossman, Gene (1986). “Imports as a Cause of Injury: The Case of the US Steel Industry”.
Journal of International Economics; V.20-#3/4, pp. 201-223.
Pindyck, Robert and Julio Rotemberg (1987). “Are Imports to Blame? Attribution of Injury
Under the 1974 Act”. Journal of Law and Economics; V.30-#1, pp 101-122.
Kelly, Kenneth (1988). “The Analysis of Causality in Escape Clause Cases”. Journal of
Industrial Economics; V.37-#2, pp. 187-207.
Rousslang, Donald (1988). “Import Injury in US Trade Law: An Economic View”. International
Review of Law and Economics; V.8-#1, pp. 117-122.
Morkre, Morris and H. Kruth (1989). “Determining Whether Dumped Or Subsidized Imports
Injure Domestic Industries: The ITC Approach”. Contemporary Policy Issues; V.7-#3, pp. 78-95.
Knoll, M. (1989). “Legal and Economic Framework for Analysis of Injury by the US ITC”.
Journal of World Trade; V.23-#3, pp. 95-107.
Knoll, M. (1989). “An Economic Approach to the Determination of Injury under US
Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Law”. NYU Journal of International Law and Policy;
V.22-#?, pp. 37-116.
Palmeter, N. David (1987). “Injury Determinations in Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duty
Cases--A Commentary on US Practice”. Journal of World Trade Law; V.21-#1, pp. 7-45.
Palmeter, N. David (1987). “Dumping Margins and Material Injury: The USITC is Free to
Choose”. Journal of World Trade Law; V.21-#?, pp. 173-175.
Cass, Ronald and W. Schwartz (1990). “Causality, Coherence and Transparency in the
Implementation of International Trade Laws”. in M. Trebilcock and R. York, eds. Fair
Exchange: Reforming Trade Remedy Laws. Toronto: C.D. Howe, pp. 24-90.
Kaplan, Seth (1991). “Injury and Causation in USITC Antidumping Determinations: Five Recent
Approaches”. in Tharakan, ed.
Sykes, Alan (1996). “The Economics of Injury in Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Cases”.
International Review of Law and Economics; V.16-#1, pp. 5-26.
Sykes, Alan (1997). “The Economics of Injury in Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Cases”.
In J. Bhandari and A. Sykes, eds. Economic Dimensions in International Law. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, pp. 83-125. [comment by R. Cass and M. Knoll, pp. 126-165.]
Boltuck, Richard (1997). “Innovations in Support of the Unitary Injury Test in U.S. Unfair Trade
Cases”. In J. Bhandari and A. Sykes, eds. Economic Dimensions in International Law.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 166-185.
Steen, B. (1987). “Economically Meaningful Markets: An Alternative to Defining ‘Like Product’
and ‘Domestic Industry’ under the Trade Agreements Act of 1979”. Virginia Law Review;
Arguea, N. and R. Harper (1994). “Industry Definition and Less Than Fair Value Pricing: An
Analysis of ITC Practice”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.9-#1, pp. 106-127.
Cladouhos, W.P. (1994). “The multi-purpose vehicle reclassification and minivan dumping
disputes between the United States and Japan and their consistency with United States
obligations under the GATT”. American University Journal of International Law and Policy;
V.10-#?, pp. 1109-1166.
Mock, W. jr. (1986). “Cumulation of Import Statistics in Injury Investigations Before the ITC”.
Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business; V.7-#3, pp. 433-479.
Hansen, Wendy and Thomas Prusa (1996). “Cumulation and ITC Decision-making: The Sum of
the Parts is Greater than the Whole”. Economic Inquiry; V.34-#4, pp. 746-769.
Prusa, Thomas (1998). “Cumulation and Anti-dumping: A Challenge to Competition”. World
Economy; V.21-#8, pp. 1021-1033.
Tharakan, P.K. Matthew, David Greenaway, and Joseph Tharakan (1998). “Cumulation and
Injury Determination of the European Community in Antidumping Cases”. Weltwirtschaftliches
Archiv; V.134-#2, pp. 320-339.
Prusa, Thomas and D. Sharp (2001). “Simultaneous Equations in Antidumping Investigations”.
Journal of Forensic Economics; V.14-#1, pp. 63-78.
C. Administrative/Sunset Reviews
DeVault, James (1996). “US Antidumping Administrative Reviews”. International Trade
Journal; V.10-#2, pp. 247-267 .
Stewart, Terrence and Amy Dwyer (1998). “Sunset Reviews of Antidumping and Countervailing
Duty Measures: US Implementation of Uruguay Round Commitments”. Journal of World Trade;
V32-#5, pp. 101-135.
Boltuck, Richard and Setu Kaplan (1998). “An Economic Approach to ITC Sunset Reviews”. in
R. Lawrence ed. Brookings Trade Forum 1998. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 219-239.
Moore, Michael (2002). “Commerce Department Antidumping Sunset Reviews: A First
Assessment”. Journal of World Trade; V.36-#2, pp. 675-698.
D. The Relationship between Antidumping and Anti-trust Law

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